The Leandras

The Leandras (1931)

Genre: Comic-lyrical pastime in two acts.
Text: Emilio González del Castillo and José Muñoz Román.
Music: Francisco Alonso.
Premiere: November 12, 1931, at Teatro Pavón, Madrid.
Performers of the premiere: Celia Gámez, Amparito Sara, Cora Gámez, Conchita Ballesta, Pepita Arroyo, Pepe Alba, Enrique Parra, José Bárcenas, Manuel Rubio, Julio Lorente.


Synopsis: Concha, vedette of a variety show company, faces a serious problem: her uncle and tutor, who thinks that she is in a boarding school, announces their imminent visit. Problematic since if the uncle finds her working in the world of theater, he will disinherit her.

Leandro, her boyfriend, has the idea of opening a fake school of which the company’s members will be students and teachers. The school is called “Las Leandras” and is in a small hotel, formerly a dating house.

The school is attended by several young women who are accepted as students. Among them is Fermina, a small-town woman who is getting married and whose mother brings her to the school to get her ready for her wedding night.

Francisco arrives later, a former client of the hotel, with his nephew Casildo so that in the “school” he can be taught how to treat a young lady.

They all mistake the newcomer for Don Francisco, Concha’s uncle, although he is in fact Fermina’s father. When the real Uncle Francisco arrives and tries to embrace his niece, Leandro, who is jealous, fights with him. Almost simultaneously, Francisco discovers Manuela, his wife, who is accompanying Fermina.

The confusion of characters becomes clear at the end, after some deceiving twists in the plot.

This is such a spicy work (some called it indecent) and ‘imbroglio’ that exploits the double- entendres and in various situations.The work was the theatrical success of the 1930s. Celia Gamex afforded herself all the luxury and rigour that she herself demanded from her “boys” and choristers.

It was a success throughout Spain, and over 1.800 consecutive performances were staged and continues to fill theaters every time it is revived.

Of his ten musical numbers the “Song of the widows”, the regional number “Canary Song”, the exoticism of “Clara Bow” were the ones that were greeted with the most enthusiastic, with which the Alonso displayed once again his knack for making make music fashionable… but, above all, the success was resrved for the chotis “El Pichi” and the pasacalle of “Los Nardos”, which could very well become the anthem of Madrid.
Since its premiere, Las Leandras continues to be performed continuously in Spain and South America.

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Musical numbers:

Preludio (orquesta)
Intermedio (orquesta)
Introducción y coro de colegialas: “A dar la lección”
Java de las viudas: “Ay, qué triste es ser la viuda”
Terceto del divorcio: “Ahora casarse es cosa de juego”
Chotis del pichi: “Pichi, es el chulo que castiga”
Blues – Charlestón de Clara Bow: “Clara Bow, gentil star”
Canción de las Canarias: “Al bailar el tajaraste”
Escena y dúo de Paco y Aurelia: “Dile al gomoso”
Pasodoble de los nardos: “Por la calle de Alcalá”
Número de baile
Apoteosis y desfile de la compañía: “El beso de una mujer”

Playlist on youtube


Odeón/Blue Moon 1931 – Dirige el Maestro Alonso y cantan Celia Gámez y Anibal Vela.

Alhambra 1956 – Conductor Indalecio Cisneros, singers Celia Gámez and Carlos S. Luque.

Montilla 1958 – Conductor Daniel Montorio, Orquesta de Cámara de Madrid. Singers:  Delia Rubens, Mimi Aznar y Tino Moro.